Bearing embryos received via the egg donation process in surrogacy has become a readily available procedure in many countries of the world. It gives an ultimate chance to become parents to families that are unable to deliver a child the natural way.
At New Life, we can help you have a healthy child with the help of donated oocytes that are artificially inseminated and transferred to the recipient’s ovum. Every stage of the procedure is implemented with utter precautions and great efforts are put into minimizing related risks for both the women and the fetus.
Basic Egg Donation Requirements
Before the process of egg donation is commenced, a potential donor has to be examined in a number of ways, like:
- For venereal & other infectious diseases that can be passed on to the embryo or recipient (a woman to bear the fetus). Several types of analyses & screenings take place;
- For genetic pathologies & susceptibility to ones. A donor’s family history is inspected in order to define any chronic illnesses. A donor’s child/children’s health is also considered;
- For correspondence of the Rh factor in the blood of a donor, a recipient, & a male whose sperm is used to fertilize the donated egg cells. The goal here is to avoid differences in the Rh factors of the fetus and a female bearing it.
- Age is also important – egg cells of younger women (those under 30) tend to be successfully inseminated 30-50% of the time. For women over 40, the success rate is 5-20%.
Donating the egg cells anonymously, a donor fills out a form specifying their appearance, level of education, and other personal feats. People seeking artificial insemination assistance select potential candidates by these forms.
How Does Egg Donation Work?
The process of receiving donor’s oocytes starts with the prep stage when ovaries are stimulated to extract as many egg cells during the menstrual cycle as possible. It’s followed by the factual oocyte retrieval.
A maximum number of egg cells must be retrieved for maximum efficiency of all following procedures. As such, a donor is injected with chorionic gonadotropin all throughout their menstrual cycle (which is an analog of the natural hormone produced in the human organism).
This hormonal medication reinforces the ovulation process and more oocytes mature in the ovum. If the oocytes aren’t intended to be stored continuously and should be injected to the recipient right after retrieval, menstrual cycles of both females must be synchronized. For that, a donor is injected with another hormonal medicine – Lupron.
The initial stimulation process is necessarily monitored with the ultrasound. When it is seen that the oocytes are mature and ready to be inseminated, they are being retrieved from the follicles. This takes place in a transvaginal fashion, via the aspiration ultrasound needle.
How long is the egg donation process usually? About five weeks’ time is needed – from settling with the donor to the end of her recovery period after egg cells retrieval (i.e., this is the time needed for the menstrual cycle correction and passing one controlled oocyte maturation cycle).
The sole process of retrieving oocytes takes no more than half an hour, after which a donor rests for 2-3 hours, takes prescribed antibiotics for a few days, and goes through the postoperative examination.
Do Donors Risk Their Health?
Egg donation process and risks for donors should definitely be carefully considered if you’re looking to become one or just curious.
Stimulation with the help of hormonal medicine might cause such ovum function pathologies, as Ovarian HyperStimulation Syndrome and kinking of the adnexas. Injections may also cause certain unpleasant sensations (abdominal distention, moderate ovum pain), but any discomfort vanishes once the medicinal hyperstimulation procedure is finished.
Retrieval of oocytes from the follicles is surgical intervention. It spawns numerous risks related to any surgical manipulations with the ovum. These include possible physical damage of the ovum, blood vessels, and nearby organs of the small pelvis (bladder, lower bowels, uterus), as well as cavity hemorrhage. All that can happen due to low doctoral qualification of surgeons.
Infections are another risk (which grows if a donor neglects taking prescribed antibiotics during the postoperative period). If a donor has unidentified reactions to certain anesthetics and sedatives (or they hide such information), more complications may appear.
There are no identified long-term effects on health from the egg cell donating procedures. The affair as a whole grew into a full-blown medical practice relatively recently – about 25 years ago. Simply not enough time has passed for finishing large-scale studies dedicated to the health of women who had a chance to donate and passed their climax.
There is info available about five cases of breast cancer development without the initial susceptibility to one after the donation procedures. Without thorough data analysis, however, this info cannot be considered reputable enough to claim that hormonal therapy for oocytes retrieval may cause cancer. Ultimately, you can minimize hormonal therapy and oocytes retrieval risks with the multi-aspect examination of a donor by experienced professionals. And these are among the top priorities of New Life – we guarantee the security of the egg donation process and minimum uncomfortable sensations as it takes place.