Surrogate maternity is a complex of procedures for successfully conceiving, bearing, and delivering a child for parents who aren’t able to go through these stages naturally (for instance, if a genetic mother is barren or there is only a father).
After the baby is born, a surrogate mother passes it to the family of officially genetic parents. She also officially approves that she refuses any parental connection to the newborn.
In most cases, surrogate maternity is employed by families where a female is unable to bear a child due to medical conditions or if the male’s sperm is insufficient for insemination.
Professional surrogate services involve the extracorporal fertilization which can only be provided by qualified medical centers. During the procedure, the ovum is inseminated externally, in the laboratory conditions. Then, the sperm is cultivated and injected into the surrogate mother’s uterus. As a rule, this takes place 3-5 days after the start of embryo development.